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January 6, 1984 – Cleveland Force vs. St. Louis Steamers

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Cleveland Force vs. St. Louis Steamers
January 6, 1984
Richfield Coliseum
Attendance: 14,173

Major Indoor Soccer League Programs
124 pages


Cleveland vs. St. Louis.  Two of the great hotbeds of indoor soccer in the early 1980’s squared off in this January 1984 match at Cleveland’s Richfield Coliseum.  The Cleveland Force and the St. Louis Steamers ought to have been a great rivalry.  Both teams were Midwestern clubs, both were wildly popular in their moment, and both clubs were among the league’s best at the time.  But Cleveland was in the Major Indoor Soccer League’s Eastern Division and St. Louis was in the Western group and as a result they rarely met in the regular season (and never faced each other in the playoffs).  This Friday night match was the Steamers’ only visit to Cleveland during the 48-game 1983-84 season.

The Force came into this match as the MISL’s hottest team.  They were 13-2, thanks to an early season 11-game winning streak.  Clevelanders leapt onto the band wagon.  This was the sixth season of Force soccer and all of the sudden crowds more than doubled over their previous highs.  A huge crowd of 14,173 turned out for this match and for the season the Force claimed an average of 13,692 for their 24 home dates.  By contrast, the NBA’s Cleveland Cavaliers pulled only 5,075 per game in the same building that winter.

The Steamers were off to a slower start at 8-8, but their headline-making October signing of U.S. National Team midfielder Ricky Davis was starting to pay dividends.  Davis was arguably the best American soccer player of the early 1980’s.  At a minimum he carried that perception thanks to the Warner Communications marketing machine behind his former club, the New York Cosmos of the outdoor North American Soccer League.  The October 1983 defection of Ricky Davis from the Cosmos to the MISL was as sure a sign as any of the shifting fortunes of pro soccer in the U.S. in the early 1980’s, as the outdoor game foundered and indoor soccer enjoyed its moment.   Warner was cutting way back on the Cosmos in the fall of 1983 (they would unload the club altogether the following summer).  Davis reached the end of his contract on September 30th and balked at the Cosmos’ request for a pay cut.  That opened the door for the Steamers, a club whose commitment to fielding a championship-caliber team with American players was central to its brand.  They signed Davis to a three-year deal worth a reported $117,000 per year, which made the 24-year old one of the highest paid players in the MISL.

Davis came into the Force match hot with 10 goals in his previous five games.  He added a hat trick on this night to lead the Steamers to a 5-2 victory.  The result bumped the Steamers over .500 (9-8) and dropped Cleveland to 13-3.  St. Louis would go on to win the Western Division and appear in the MISL Championship Series, losing to the Baltimore Blast.  The Force never quite regained their invincible form of the season’s first two months.  They finished with a respectable 31-17 record, but were swept by the Blast in the semis, 3 games to none.



Cleveland Force Home Page

St. Louis Steamers Home Page


1978-1988 Cleveland Force

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Major Indoor Soccer League (1978-1988)

Born: 1978 – Major Indoor Soccer League founding franchise
Folded: July 22, 1988 – The Force cease operations.

Arena: The Richfield Coliseum (17,217)

Team Colors: Reflex Blue & Yellow



The Cleveland Force were a tremendously popular indoor soccer franchise during the 1980’s at the peak of the sport’s popularity.  Formed in 1978 as one of six founding franchises in the upstart Major Indoor Soccer League, the team’s success was slowing in developing.  Attendance was low in the team’s earlier years.  It wasn’t until the 1982-83 season when the team’s popularity boomed and began to far outpace the NBA’s Cleveland Cavaliers, their co-tenants at the suburban Richfield Coliseum.  (It helped that the Cavs were in the death grip of Ted Stepien in this era, widely reviled by Clevelanders as one of the worst pro sports owners who ever walked the Earth.)

There were other MISL clubs that drew great crowds during this era, notably the Kansas City Comets and St. Louis Steamers.  But the Force are frequently cited as the only MISL franchise ever to turn an annual operating profit.  In addition to drawing large crowds, the team also had a strong sponsorship base, a booming camps program and a strong merchandise business.

While the Force were doing well, the same could not be said for the rest of the MISL.  Franchises came and went so quickly that fans and sponsors could barely keep track.  Between 1985 and 1987, the league endured the embarrassment of seeing two New York franchises go out of business at the mid-season All-Star Break.  The league engaged in bruising annual battles with the Players Association.  After long-running franchises in Chicago, Minnesota and St. Louis pulled out of the league in the summer of 1988, Force owner Bert Wolstein shut down the team in July 1988, seeing no viable way forward for the league.

The MISL, loathe to lose one of its few proven markets, quickly expanded back into Cleveland in the fall of 1989.  The Cleveland Crunch brought back a number of Force players and front office execs, most notably the Force’s popular perennial All-Star Kai Haaskivi.  But it wasn’t the same and the big crowds and corporate support of the Wolstein era didn’t return.

Although the Crunch never re-created the buzz of the Force, the new team actually lasted longer, playing 13 seasons from 1989 to 2002.  In 1999 a new group which included former Cleveland Force front office executive Paul Garofolo bought the Crunch from original owner George Hoffman for a reported $1.75 million.  In 2002, the new owners re-branded the team anew as the Cleveland Force.  (The “New” Force also played in a “New” Major Indoor Soccer League, which had no connection to the original league, which had folded in 1992.)   The retro/nostalgia angle didn’t take.  Crowds remained small and the new Force folded in 2005.




==Cleveland Force Programs on Fun While It Lasted==

Season Date Opponent Score Program Other


1979-80 1/25/1980 vs. Philadelphia Fever ?? Program
1979-80 2/17/1980 vs. New York Arrows L 12-6 Program


1981-82 12/22/1981 vs. Baltimore Blast L 6-4 Program
1981-82 1/2/1982 @ Buffalo Stallions ?? Program
1981-82 2/5/1982 @ New Jersey Rockets L 7-3 Program Game Notes
1981-82 2/19/1982 vs. New York Arrows L 6-4 Program


1982-83 11/17/1982 @ Los Angeles Lazers  W 8-5 Program
1982-83 1/7/1983 vs. Los Angeles Lazers W 8-5 Program
1982-83 1/27/1983 vs. Phoenix Inferno W 4-3 Program
1982-83 2/3/1983 vs. New York Arrows L 4-3 (OT) Program
1982-83 2/25/1983 vs. Memphis Americans L 4-3 Program
1982-83 3/1/1983 @ Los Angeles Lazers W 8-2 Program
1982-83 3/15/1983 vs. Chicago Sting W 6-3 Video
1982-83 3/20/1983 vs. Memphis Americans W 7-4 Program
1982-83 3/25/1983 vs. Buffalo Stallions W 10-8 Program
1982-83 4/19/1983 vs. Chicago Sting L 9-5 Program


1983-84 12/10/1983 vs. New York Arrows W 7-3 Program Roster
1983-84 1/6/1984 vs. St. Louis Steamers L 5-2 Program Roster
1983-84 1/15/1984 vs. Los Angeles Lazers W 8-4 Program
1983-84 1/21/1984 @ Buffalo Stallions L 6-4 Program
1983-84 2/5/1984 vs. Baltimore Blast L 6-5 Program
1983-84 3/4/1984 @ Los Angeles Lazers W 4-1 Program
1983-84 3/17/1984 vs. Pittsburgh Spirit L 6-4 Program
1983-84 3/24/1984 vs. Buffalo Stallions W 4-2 Program
1983-84 4/4/1984 vs. Pittsburgh Spirit W 6-5 Program
1983-84 4/15/1984 vs. Baltimore Blast L 3-2 Program
1983-84 5/3/1984 vs. Pittsburgh Spirit W 6-5 (OT) Program
1983-84 5/6/1984 vs. Pittsburgh Spirit W 5-3 Program


1984-85 12/14/1985 @ Los Angeles Lazers W 6-5 (OT) Program
1984-85 1/28/1985 @ Los Angeles Lazers W 7-4 Program
1984-85 2/1/1985 vs. Los Angeles Lazers W 5-4 Program
1984-85 5/10/1985 vs. Baltimore Blast  L 4-3 Program Roster


1985-86 10/27/1985 vs. San Diego Sockers L 8-6 Program
1985-86 11/15/1985 @ Los Angeles Lazers W 7-3 Program
1985-86 12/20/1985 @ Chicago Sting W 8-2 Program
1985-86 1/8/1986 @ Dallas Sidekicks W 5-2 Program
1985-86 2/2/1986 @ Wichita Wings W 4-3 Program
1985-86 2/14/1986 @ Dallas Sidekicks W 6-3 Program
1985-86 2/23/1986 @ Wichita Wings W 8-5 Program
1985-86 2/26/1986 @ Los Angeles Lazers W 8-3 Program
1985-86 4/5/1986 vs. Minnesota Strikers W 7-4 Program


1986-87 2/28/1987 @ Los Angeles Lazers W 4-3 (OT) Program
1986-87 4/29/1987 vs. Dallas Sidekicks W 4-2 Program
1986-87 5/9/1987 vs. Minnesota Strikers W 5-4 (OT) Program
1986-87 5/23/1987 vs. Dallas Sidekicks W 5-3 Program


1987-88 12/9/1987 @ Los Angeles Lazers L 9-5 Program
1987-88 2/27/1988 @ Chicago Sting L 7-6 (OT) Program
1987-88 3/3/1988  @ Los Angeles Lazers L 5-2 Program
1987-88 4/2/1988 vs. Wichita Wings W 7-2 Program
1987-88 6/5/1988 vs. San Diego Sockers L 3-2 (OT) Video


==Key Players==

==In Memoriam==

Bert Wolstein, Cleveland Force owner.  Passed away May 17, 2004 at age 77

Forward Paul Kitson (1987-88 season) died of a heart attack on August 25, 2005 at age 49.

Ian Anderson, with the Force from 1980-1982, died November 5, 2008 at age 54.

English midfielder Roy Sinclair, who played for the Force from 1978 to 1981, died on January 12, 2013 at age 68.



Cleveland Force vs. San Diego Sockers in the 1988 MISL Championship Series



1987-88 Major Indoor Soccer League Rule Book & Schedule 



Major Indoor Soccer League Media Guides

Major Indoor Soccer League Programs


Written by AC

January 20th, 2013 at 2:24 am

January 7, 1983 – Cleveland Force vs. Los Angeles Lazers

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Gary Allison SoccerCleveland Force vs. Los Angeles Lazers
January 7, 1983
The Richfield Coliseum
Attendance: 6,571

Major Indoor Soccer League Programs
120 pages


Vintage indoor soccer program from the old Cleveland Force (1978-1988) for a January 1983 match against the Los Angeles Lazers.  The Lazers were an expansion franchise that winter, owned by Dr. Jerry Buss.  (The Lazers name and yellow/purple color scheme were a riff on the NBA’s Lakers, also owned by Dr. Buss).

Gary Allison

Lazers goalkeeper Gary Allison is featured on the cover of the evening’s MISSILE Magazine game program.  Kind of an esoteric choice for the cover – Allison was a journeyman who played for five different clubs during his five-year career in the MISL, never spending more than a year in the same place.  By this point in the Lazers’ inaugural season, he had lost the starting job to rookie Kirk Shermer.

On this night the Force handed the Lazers an 8-5 loss at the suburban Richfield Coliseum, thanks to four goals from Finnish forward Kai Haaskivi.  The Lazers were notably awful during this winter of 1982-83.  Their 8-40 record and .167 winning percentage under Head Coach Peter Wall were the worst full-season marks in the fourteen-year history of the Major Indoor Soccer League.



Cleveland Force Home Page

Los Angeles Lazers Home Page




April 15, 1984 – Cleveland Force vs. Baltimore Blast

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Cleveland Force vs. Baltimore Blast
April 15, 1984
The Richfield Coliseum
Attendance: 18,267

Major Indoor Soccer League Programs
124 pages


This late season Major Indoor Soccer League match between Eastern Division rivals the Cleveland Force and Baltimore Blast drew a huge Sunday night crowd of 18,267 to the old Richfield Coliseum.  Hard to believe today, but the sport of indoor soccer really was a huge draw in a handful of cities in the early 1980’s.  The 1983-84 season was the year that attendance for the Cleveland Force really exploded.  The team averaged 13,675 per match and outdrew their Richfield Coliseum co-tenant – NBA’s sad sack Cleveland Cavaliers – by 120,000 fans.

With that kind of atmosphere the Force were tough to beat at home.  They went 18-6 at the Coliseum en route to a 31-17 record in 1983-84.  The Force featured two of the top three scorers in the league in Kai Haaskivi and Craig Allen.  But the Baltimore Blast were even better.  Captain Dave MacWilliams (pictured on the night’s game program) led the Blast to a league-best 34-14 record.  Serbian forward Stan Stamenkovic nudged out Allen and Haaskivi for the league scoring title.

The Blast would frustrate the Force and the big crowd on this night, as they would all season.  The Force got on the board first on a Peter Millar goal and outshot the visitors 29-16.  But the Blast made their shots count, with goals from cover boy MacWilliams, Stamenkovic and Pat Ercoli to eke out a 3-2 victory.

The teams would meet again a month later in the MISL playoff semi-finals with the Blast sweeping the Force in a best-of-five series.  It was the second of five straight seasons from 1983 to 1987 that the Force went deep into the playoffs, only to be eliminated in the semi-final series (three times at the hands of Baltimore).   The Blast, meanwhile, went on to win their first and only MISL championship in the spring of 1984, defeating the St. Louis Steamers in the finals.



Baltimore Blast Home Page

Cleveland Force Home Page


Written by AC

October 22nd, 2012 at 11:56 pm

April 29, 1987 – Cleveland Force vs. Dallas Sidekicks

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Kai Haaskivi Cleveland ForceCleveland Force vs. Dallas Sidekicks
April 29, 1987
Richfield Coliseum
Attendance: ?

Major Indoor Soccer League Programs
112 pages


Here’s a team that apparently brings back a lot of fond childhood memories – the Cleveland Force (1978-1988) of the original Major Indoor Soccer League (1978-1992).  The Force were a founding franchise in the MISL in 1978 and they struggled at the box office for several years before suddenly becoming a sensation in the mid-1980’s.

I picked this up from a guy named Matthew in Ohio who grew up cheering on the Force at the now-demolished Richfield Coliseum, out in the middle of nowhere between Cleveland and Akron.  Matthew later sent me an email expressing seller’s remorse, saying he was heartbroken to part with this souvenir from his youth (or perhaps just peeved that it didn’t bring in the riches he imagined).

Much happier was my buddy Tom down in Texas, a transplanted Clevelander who lived and died with the Force as a kid.  He snapped this up within minutes after we posted it online, as he does with many of the Force programs that occasionally pass through my clutches.

Kai Haaskivi

“Nice cover shot of Kai Haaskivi, the all-time Force star player, in my opinion,” said Tom.  “Some may go with Keith Furphy for his higher goals average, but Haaskivi played for Cleveland longer and had tons of assists, a real team anchor and leader.”

Kai Haaskivi Cleveland ForceIndoor soccer had its 15 minutes of fame in the mid-80’s and was legitimately a big deal in a few places like Cleveland, Kansas City, St. Louis and Baltimore.  The Force in particular really seem to have a nostalgic hold on the tens of thousands of kids who grew up attending their games and summer camps – a soccer phenomenon really only matched by the passion I hear from forty-somethings who grew up in New Jersey with the New York Cosmos in the late 1970’s and early 1980’s.

The Force existed for ten seasons from 1978 to 1988.  Initially, no one cared.  The team drew fewer than 4,000 fans per game during the late 1970’s.  But during the 1983-84 season, Force attendance exploded to an astounding 13,675 per game, more than double the team’s previous high.  That winter the Force outdrew the NBA’s Cleveland Cavaliers, who shared the Richfield Coliseum, by an eye-popping 120,000 fans.

The Force were still quite popular when the team folded in the summer of 1988.  Owner Bert Wolstein lost patience with the leadership of the MISL and the league’s continual franchise turnover and labor strife.  After one winter (1988-89) without indoor soccer, the MISL expanded back into Cleveland with the Cleveland Crunch, hoping to recapture the buzz of the Force.  The Crunch hired the former Force hero Kai Haaskivi as player/coach, but never succeeded in rekindling the passion and big crowds that the Wolstein family cultivated for the Force.



Cleveland Force Home Page

Dallas Sidekicks Home Page



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