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1976-1979 Los Angeles Skyhawks

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Tony Whelan Los Angeles SkyhawksAmerican Soccer League (1976-1979)

Born: 1976 -ASL expansion franchise
Folded: Postseason 1979


Team Colors:


American Soccer League Champions: 1976


The Los Angeles Skyhawks were a 2nd Division pro soccer outfit that competed in the American Soccer League during the late 1970’s. The team won a league championship in its debut season under the direction of British coach Ron Newman, who went on to be a highly successful coach in the NASL, MISL and Major League Soccer.

The Skyhawks came into existence in 1976 as part of a major West Coast expansion by the ASL.  The ASL traced its roots back to the Depression years, but remained a ragtag assemblage of Northeastern ethnic semi-pro clubs until the early 1970’s.  The West Coast experiment last only until 1980, when the league contracted and retreated East back across the Mississippi.

During the ASL’s brief run as a truly national league from 1976 to 1980, the Skyhawks were probably the most successful West Coast club. The team drew decent crowds by 2nd Division standards, including 9,652 for a 1976 exhibition match against the Mexican Olympic Team at L.A. Memorial Coliseum. The club’s normal home grounds were Birmingham Stadium and Pierce College Stadium in the San Fernando Valley.

Team owner Bob Nordskog pulled the Skyhawks out of the ASL following the 1979 season, which helped to hasten the collapse of 2nd Division soccer on the West Coast and the subsequent retreat of the league back to the Eastern U.S.  The ASL folded for good in early 1984.


Los Angeles Skyhawks Programs


==In Memoriam==

Midfielder Micky Cave (Skyhawks ’76) died of carbon monoxide poisoning on November 6, 1984 at age 35.

Former Skyhawks owner Bob Nordskog passed away from a cerebral hemorrhage July 15, 1992 at age 79. New York Times obituary.

Midfielder Alan Sproates (Skyhawks ’77-’79) passed away on February 5, 2015 at age 70. Marin Independent Journal tribute.



1978 American Soccer League Attendance Report



American Soccer League Media Guides

American Soccer League Programs




August 19, 1978 – Los Angeles Skyhawks vs. Southern California Lazers

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Los Angeles Skyhawks vs. Southern California Lazers
August 19, 1978
Pierce College Stadium
Attendance: 4,913

American Soccer League Programs
34 pages


Late season 1978 match between the Los Angeles Skyhawks (1976-1979) and the Southern California Lazers (1978) of the 2nd division American Soccer League (1933-1983).

There was a thick glut of professional soccer options in Los Angeles and neighboring Orange County during the late 1970’s.  The premier club was the Los Angeles Aztecs of the 1st division North American Soccer League.  The Aztecs featured international superstars George Best (1976-1978) and Johan Cruyff (1979) and at one point Elton John was a part-owner.  But Angelenos paid little attention and Aztecs crowds at the Rose Bowl and the Los Angeles Coliseum rarely exceeded 10,000.  Less popular still were the California Surf of the NASL, a mediocre club and poor draw based at Anaheim Stadium from 1978 to 1981.

Three 2nd division clubs competed in the American Soccer League.  The Skyhawks played in the San Fernando Valley at Pierce College.  Their opponent on this evening, the Lazers, played in nearby Torrance at El Camino College, but last just this lone season of 1978 before folding.  A third ASL club, the California Sunshine, operated out of Costa Mesa in neighboring Orange County.

Mel Roche Los Angeles SkyhawksThe Skyhawks roster in 1978 had a heavy English and Scottish influence.  Scotsman Doug McMillan is on the program cover for this match.  McMillan was the NASL’s Rookie-of-the-Year and third leading scorer with the Aztecs in 1974, helping the club win the NASL title in their first year of existence.  But his NASL career lasted on three years and by 1977 he was back toiling in the lower divisions with the Aztecs.

Fellow Scot Jim Rolland led the ASL in scoring in 1978 with 17 goals and 10 assists en route to league MVP honors.  English goalkeeper Brian Parkinson allowed 1.16 goals per game, second stingiest in the league, and recorded seven clean sheets.

On this August evening against the Lazers, English striker Mal Roche was the star for the Skyhawks.  He recorded a hat trick as the Skyhawks exploded for four second half goals for an easy 5-1 victory.  The announced crowd at Pierce College was 4,913.


The Skyhawks advanced to and hosted the ASL Championship game in September 1978.  They lost to the visiting New York Apollo 1-0 before 6,342 at Pierce College.  The club played one more summer in 1979 and then went out of business.

The Southern California Lazers folded up shop after the 1978 season ended.

All five of the pro soccer clubs active in Los Angeles and Orange County in 1978 were out of business by the Fall of 1981.



1978 American Soccer League Attendance Report



Los Angeles Skyhawks Home Page

Southern California Lazers Home Page



June 8, 1977 – Sacramento Spirits vs. Los Angeles Skyhawks

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Sacramento Spirits vs. Los Angeles Skyhawks
June 8, 1977
Sacramento State Stadium
American Soccer League Programs

During pro soccer’s 1970’s boom years (or bubble years, as it turned out) the city of Sacramento, California hosted 2nd division professional soccer for five seasons.  The Sacramento Spirits/Gold appeared in three American Soccer League championship games between 1976 and 1980.  Oddly, during the two seasons the Sacramentans did not play for the championship, they finished dead last.

The American Soccer League dated all the way back to 1933 and spent most of its existence confined to industrial cities of the Northeast, where teams were often defined by their ethnic affiliation.  Through the postwar years clubs such as the New York Hakoah-Americans, Newark Portuguese and the Philadelphia Ukrainians competed under the ASL auspices.  In the early 1970’s, the league began to professionalize, banishing the ethnic names and branching out beyond the Philadelphia-New York corridor.

In 1974, the ASL hired former NBA star Bob Cousy – who professed to know nothing whatsoever about soccer – as its Commissioner to attract national credibility.  A full-fledged West Coast expansion occurred in the summer of 1976, which included the debut of the Sacramento Spirits.  The Spirits played out of Sacramento State Stadium and finished in the cellar that first year with a 4-14-3 record.

The Spirits returned in 1977 and engineered a remarkable turnaround under Head Coach Bob Ridley.  The Spirits won the West Division with an 18-4-4 record and flew east on to face the New Jersey Americans for the ASL Championship on September 4th, 1977.  The Americans triumped 3-0.  Ridley was named Coach-of-the-Year and Spirits leading scorer Mal Roche earned Rookie-of-the-Year honors.

After the 1977 season, a California cabinet manufacturer named John Andreotti bought the Sacramento franchise and re-branded it as the Sacramento Gold for 1978.  The 1978 campaign was anything but golden as the club regressed to a 7-15-2 last place finish.

The Gold rebuilt again in 1979, importing English brothers Ian and Malcolm Filby and South African striker Neill Roberts among others.  Mal Filby was expected to be the team’s key threat but suffered a season-ending injury in the home opener.  Brother Ian stepped up in his stead and led the ASL in scoring with 14 goals and 17 assists.  From a front office standpoint though, the best signing had to be Roberts.  Midway through the season, the Gold sold Roberts’ contract to the Atlanta Chiefs of the first division North American Soccer League for $25,000, reportedly a record transfer fee between the two American leagues.  (Roberts was more than worth it, scoring 14 goals in 19 matches for the Chiefs in 1979).

That $25,000 undoubtedly helped the Gold bottom line.  According to Dave Litterer’s terrific American Soccer History Archives site, typical annual operating budgets for ASL franchises in the late 1970’s averaged $300,000 to $350,000 per year.  By 1979, the Gold had moved to 23,000-seat Hughes Stadium on the campus of Sacramento City College.  During the 1979 season, the Gold drew 57,073 to Hughes for 14 matches and led the low-budget ASL with average announced attendance of 4,077 per match.

On September 17th, 1979 the Gold travelled to Ohio to face the Columbus Magic in the American Soccer League championship game.  The match took place at Franklin County Stadium, a re-lined minor league baseball park.  As he had all season, Ian Filby came through for the Gold and broke a scoreless tie in the 84th minute.  The 1-0 margin held up to give the Gold the 1979 ASL championship.

The Gold returned for a third ASL season in 1980 (fifth if you count the Spirits years), but quickly ran out of money.  In early July 1980, the Gold chose to forfeit a road match at the Miami Americans rather than pay for airfare to Florida.  By late July, with the team still unwilling or unable to travel, the ASL terminated the franchise.  A group of Sacramento-area boosters raised $35,000 – $40,000 and turned it over to the league office to run the team through the end of the season.  “Sacramento” (the Gold moniker was dropped) finished out the season as a ward of the league and, improbably, made a return visit to the ASL championship game.  Sacramento lost the title match to the Pennsylvania Stoners 2-1 in Allentown, PA on September 18th, 1980.

After the season, Sacramento folded along with the rest of the ASL’s remaining West Coast franchises.


The ASL played three more seasons from 1981 to 1983.  After 1980, it never again fielded a team west of Oklahoma City.  The league folded in late 1983 or early 1984.

The Gold’s young General Manager Greg “Dutch” Van Dusen became a leading figure in the successful effort to lure the NBA’s Kansas City Kings franchise to Sacramento in 1985.  He also negotiated the naming rights to the city’s ARCO Arena and worked as an executive for the Kings throughout the 1980’s.

Professional soccer – of the indoor variety – returned to Sacramento in the summer of 1993 with the Knights of the Continental Indoor Soccer League.  The Knights played at ARCO Arena in a succession of leagues for nine summers between 1993 and 2001.


1978 American Soccer League Attendance Report

Sacramento Spirits / Gold Sources


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