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1974 Birmingham Americans

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World Football League (1974)

Born: January 1974 – WFL founding franchise.
Died: January 1975 – The WFL terminates the Americans franchise.

Stadium: Legion Field

Team Colors:

Owner: William Putnam

 

The Birmingham Americans were the first and only champions of the World Football League (1974-1975), a brash but undercapitalized effort to go head-to-head with the National Football League in the mid-1970’s, much as the American Football League had a decade earlier.

The Americans had a terrific squad under Head Coach Jack Gotta, an import from the Canadian Football League.  The Americans won their first ten games of the 1974 season.  The team then hit a rough patch in the middle of the schedule, dropping five out of the next seven, before regaining their form to finish a 15-5 regular season with a three-game win streak.

George Mira took most of the snaps at quarterback, ably backed up by former Grambling star Matthew ReedDennis Homan, a star at Alabama in the mid-60’s and former first round draft pick of the Dallas Cowboys, led the Americans in receptions with 61, but the true breakout star of the offense was receiver Alfred Jenkins, a playmaking rookie out of Morris Brown University.  Jenkins caught 60 passes for 1,326 yards and 12 touchdowns.  Jenkins would sign with the NFL’s Atlanta Falcons in 1975 and earn two Pro Bowl nods during his nine-year NFL career.

In the 1974 WFL playoffs, the Americans escaped The Hawaiians 22-19 in the semi-final and earned the right to host the World Bowl at Legion Stadium on December 5, 1974.  By the time of the World Bowl, the WFL was in deep trouble.  Several franchises folded during the season.  Another club, the Charlotte Hornets, decided it couldn’t afford to compete in the playoffs despite qualifying.  Neither the Americans nor their opponents, the Florida Blazers, had received paychecks in weeks and there was discussion of the players staging a boycott of the title game.

But in the end, they played and it was a great game.  The Americans raced out to a 22-0 third quarter lead before the Florida Blazers roused themselves and reeled off a furious 21 point rally late in the game.  Americans linebacker Warren Capone stuffed Blazers running back Tommy Reamon on an “Action Point” try late in the fourth quarter that would have tied the game, and Birmingham eeked out a 22-21 victory.  The Action Point was a WFL innovation, which was sort of a hybrid of an extra point and a two-point conversion.  Touchdowns were worth seven points in the WFL and an eighth point could be added by passing or running the ball in from the two-yard line.

As the Americans celebrated their championship in the Legion Field locker room, Jefferson County sheriff’s deputies burst in to seize the team’s uniforms and equipment on behalf of a local sports goods supplier holding bad debt from the team.  This proved to be the final game the Americans ever played, as their debts sunk the franchise about a month later.

The team had severe financial problems, but they weren’t result of poor attendance.  The Americans were actually very  popular in Birmingham.  World Football League attendance figures were notoriously inflated and the subject of much media derision in 1974, but there’s little debate that the Americans were far and away the most popular team in the league.  The team’s official figures claimed 39,269 fans per game for 10 regular season home games in 1974.

But other factors conspired to drag down the club, including owner Bill Putnam’s failure to secure additional local partners to join his ownership group.  Further, Putnam spent himself into oblivion in the spring and summer of 1974, paying out signing bonuses to NFL stars such as Ken Stabler and L.C. Greenwood who signed futures contracts to jump to the Americans once their current NFL deals expired.

Although the Americans were gone, the World Football League survived (barely) to stage a second season in 1975.  The WFL put a new franchise into Legion Field called the Birmingham Vulcans, which returned a number of key players and coaches from the Americans World Bowl team.  (Mira and Jenkins did not return, however).  The Vulcans played well, although the crowds dipped substantially from 1974.  The Vulcans folded in October 1975 along with the rest of the WFL, which ran out of cash and failed to complete its second regular season.

 

==1974 Birmingham Americans Results==

Date Opponent Score Program Other
7/10/1974 vs. Southern California Sun W 11-7
7/17/1974 @ New York Stars W 32-29 Program
7/24/1974 vs. Memphis Southmen W 58-33
7/31/1974 @ Detroit Wheels W 21-18 Program
8/7/1974 vs. Detroit Wheels W 28-22
8/14/1974 vs. The Hawaiians W 39-0
8/21/1974 @ Jacksonville Sharks W 15-14
8/29/1974 @ Chicago Fire W 22-8 Program
9/2/1974 vs. Florida Blazers W 8-7 Program
9/7/1974 vs. Chicago Fire W 41-40 Program
9/11/1974 @ Memphis Southmen L 46-7
9/19/1974 vs. Houston Texans W 42-14
9/25/1974 @ Portland Storm L 26-21
10/2/1974 @ The Hawaiians L 14-8
10/9/1974 vs. Portland Storm W 30-8
10/16/1974 @ Southern California Sun L 29-25
10/23/1974 @ Shreveport Steamer L 31-0
10/30/1974 vs. Florida Blazers W 26-18 Program
11/6/1974  @ Philadelphia Bell W 26-23
11/13/1974 vs. Shreveport Steamer W 40-7
11/27/1974 vs. The Hawaiians W 22-19
12/5/1974 vs. Florida Blazers W 22-21 Program

 

==Key Players==

  • Dennis Homan
  • Alfred Jenkins
  • George Mira

 

==Links==

World Football League Media Guides

World Football League Programs

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Written by andycrossley

December 8th, 2013 at 3:54 pm

History Buffs Unveil 1974 World Football League Trading Card Series

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Helmet logos of the 12 original WFL franchises circa 1974

Forty years ago, four young boys were among those transfixed by the announcement of a new professional football league.  The World Football League and its brash young Commissioner Gary Davidson conjured visions of a worldwide sports organization, with teams one day spanning the globe from London to Tokyo.  (For the WFL’s inaugural season in 1974, fans would have to be satisfied with a 12-team league that spanned the country from Jacksonville to Anaheim).

The WFL offered bold colors, such as the Southern California Sun’s retina-scorching Magenta & Orange uniforms, innovative scoring system and rule changes, and a salary war with the NFL that was perhaps more entertaining than the action on the field itself.  The WFL provided a form of exceptionally high-risk free agency for NFL stars that were otherwise bound in perpetuity to their clubs by the Rozelle Rule.  Big name stars like Larry Csonka, John Gilliam and Paul Warfield jumped leagues.  The whole thing went bust in less than two full seasons, but the cult of the WFL lives on, thanks to historians, collectors and young boys now long grown who got their first taste of big-time professional football when the World Football League briefly blew through their town.

Now, decades later, four of those men have banded together to issue an eye-catching 40th anniversary trading card set covering the WFL’s debut season in 1974.  Greg Allred, Richie Franklin, Bill Jones and Willie O’Burke combined photo archives culled from 20 years of networking with former players, officials and team photographs and curated this 70-card collection, which evokes the classic Topps bubble gum issues of the late 1960’s and early 1970’s.  Fun While It Lasted got an early look at the card designs and an opportunity to quiz the creators on this unique set.

 

FWIL:

Can you each explain how you came by your fascination with the World Football League?

Greg Allred:

As a 12 year-old in the state of Alabama, I was already a football fan in 1974, so when the WFL announced that Birmingham would have a team I was excited.  I had never been to a professional football game, so actually getting to go to a couple of the Birmingham Americans games was something that I would never forget and it gave them a permanent place in my heart and memory.

 

Richie Franklin:

I remember hearing about the WFL in October of 1973 when they announced the formation of the league.  I was 12 years old. I followed their 1974 WFL College and Pro Drafts.  It was the new logos, team nicknames, colorful uniforms, and the star NFL players making the jump to the new league.  I loved the TVS Sports Network’s promos.  The Florida Blazers trained at Madison College (now JMU) in Harrisonburg, Virginia.  I live an hour away, and a guy from our hometown, Don Ratliff tried out for the Blazers and made the team.  I was also a huge fan of the mustard brown football with the orange stripes made by Spalding.  The WFL created a lot of excitement in 1974.

Willie O’Burke:

My dad was a big-time American Football League fan.  He loved the “underdog” quality of that league and passed that on to me.  We lived in Houston.  When the WFL came out and we found out Houston was getting a team, we were instant WFL fans.

Bill Jones:

I was raised in Anaheim, California.  When the Sun came to play at Anaheim Stadium, my father took me to my first professional football game.  I was hooked.  It was fan friendly, affordable, and colorful.  As I grew older, the concept of starting such a business venture, the behind the scenes actions and the historic similarities to the American Basketball Association and World Hockey Association became very interesting to me as well.

 

FWIL:

Color photos from the WFL are rather rare.  Can you describe the process of pulling the photos used in the set together over the years?

Richie Franklin:

Yes, color photos are very rare, and we used as many as we could find.  Sometimes you may have a great WFL photo, but we couldn’t use it because we did not select that player for the set.  Over the years I have met a lot of former players and coaches from the WFL.  I also met a few team photographers.  I have been fortunate enough to receive photos from their collections.  We compiled photos and as a committee chose the best action shots or still pictures we had for each player.

Greg Allred:

It’s always been such a long search for photos of any kind that relate to the WFL, so when we find a color photo it’s a really big deal.  For me this has been a 20-plus year search for photos, so sometimes there are spans of time with no success, then there are spans with quite a bit of activity and fruitfulness…it’s always exciting to find something new.  Willie, Bill, Richie, & I just basically decided to open our collections to each other and see what we had to work with. It a lot of was fun.

 

FWIL:

Do each/any of you have a “wish list” player you wanted to include, but couldn’t because there were no quality photos?

Richie Franklin:

Yes, unfortunately that did happened with a few players. There were many players we did not make cards for that were good WFL players, but quality photos are just as rare for black and white as they are for color pictures. We are starting to see more photos pop up on eBay and from private collections. Hopefully, we will locate a few quality photos for our Traded set and include cards of players we missed in Series I.

Bill Jones:

Not really.  If it were up to me, we would have had more Southern California Sun players, but I think all 4 of us have our favorite teams.  I think we came up with a very balanced representation of WFL players that made an impact in 1974.

Greg Allred:

I would like to have better photos of Tim Delaney of the Hawaiians. He is included in the set, but I sure would like to see a quality color photo of him. I am always amazed when we find photos that folks have had in their basements, attics, etc. for years. It gives me a little hope that there are more out there just waiting to be uncovered.

 

FWIL:

Have you heard reactions or reviews from any former players?

Richie Franklin:

I have heard from Upton Bell who was the owner of the Charlotte Hornets. Jere Brown, who was a linebacker for the Hornets, signed the guestbook on our Web site, along with Bob Rush of the Florida Blazers, Rick Cash of the Philadelphia Bell (1974) and San Antonio Wings (1975), and Don Van Galder of the Portland Storm. I also received a nice message from Bob Paschall of the Bell and Gary Wright who worked in the front office for the Southern California Sun in 1975. The overall reaction from everyone has been extremely positive and complimentary.

 

FWIL:

Are your plans for a 1975 Series and a Traded Series definite, or does that depend on the response to this first set?

Richie Franklin:

Yes, the Series II set is in the planning stages right now.  We are currently selecting players and gathering photos.  The big name NFL players who jumped to the WFL will be in Series II along with the top 1975 WFL rookies, such as Anthony Davis and Pat Haden. When we started this project we were looking to find ways to celebrate the WFL’s 40th anniversary. The cards were something that we ourselves would want to collect in celebration of the WFL.

Willie O’Burke

This project is a labor of love for all of us, so I see us finishing series 2 & 3 regardless of series 1 sales.

 

FWIL:

The production design, front and back, is striking and really evokes the classic Topps issues of the 1960’s and 1970’s. Was there a particularly set from the past that inspired the design elements of your set?

Bill Jones:

We had at least a dozen designs that we considered.  Ultimately, we wanted a classic, Topps-inspired design.  It was important to have team logos on the cards, and we really wanted to have a classic card stock look to the backs.  I think we accomplished all of that with this set.

Richie Franklin:

We took our time and exchanged many, many e-mails to come up with the best retro feel of the 70’s. It was a total team effort and I think as a group we hit a homerun.

 

==Links== 

1974 WFL Trading Cards are available at WFLFootballCards.com

World Football League History Site curated by Richie Franklin & Greg Allred 

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Written by andycrossley

June 1st, 2013 at 6:32 pm

December 5, 1974 – World Bowl I

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World Bowl I
Birmingham American vs. Florida Blazers
December 5, 1974
Legion Field
Attendance: 32,376

World Football League Programs
24 pages

 

Here we have World Bowl I, the first and only championship game of the doomed World Football League (1974-1975).  The two finalists, the Birmingham Americans and the Florida Blazers, limped to the finish line on the brink of insolvency.  The Americans were unpaid for five weeks and staged a walkout during practice three days before title game.  The Blazers were in even worse shape – Florida’s players hadn’t received a paycheck since September.  Both clubs hoped for a modest payout from a share of the gate receipts at Birmingham’s Legion Field, where the Americans had been a popular draw through the first half of the 1974 season.

The game itself was a tale of two halves.  The Americans took a 15-0 lead into the half and added a third touchdown in the third quarter for a commanding 22-0 margin.   Blazers quarterback Bob Davis threw two picks in the first half without completing a single pass to his own teammates.   But Davis woke up in the fourth quarter.   First he found rookie running back Tommy Reamon – one of the WFL’s “Tri-MVP’s” for the 1974 season – for a 39-year touchdown pass.  Then it was a 40-yard bomb to tight end Greg Latta to narrow the score to 22-14.  With 4:14 remaining, Blazers rookie cornerback Rod Foster out of Harvard University returned a Birmingham punt 76 yards for a touchdown to make the score 22-21.

The Blazers had a chance to tie the game on an “Action Point” after Foster’s special teams heroics.  In the WFL, touchdowns were worth seven points.  An eight point – the Action Point – could be added by running or throwing the ball into the end zone from the two-yard line.  Florida lined up to tie the game and went where you would expect – handing off to league-leading rusher Tommy Reamon.  But Birmingham linebacker Warren Capone came around the end to stuff Reamon short of the goal line.  The Blazers never got the ball back and Birmingham escaped with a 22-21 victory.

Birmingham quarterback George Mira, a 10-year veteran of the NFL and the Canadian Football League, won World Bowl MVP honors with what has to be the least impressive stat line on any championship game MVP anywhere ever.   Mira completed 5-of-14 passing for 90 yards with one touchdown and rushed for 27 yards.  Sports Illustrated reported that the Legion Field fans lost patience with Mira in the second half and began yelling for back-up Matthew Reed to enter the game.  If true, that’s a remarkable fact, considering Matthew Reed was one of the earliest black quarterbacks in pro football and Legion Field was the home of the University of Alabama football program, which finally desegregated only three years earlier.

Shortly after the game, Jefferson County sheriff’s deputies entered Legion Field and seized the Americans’ jerseys and equipment to settle a bad debt with a creditor.

The WFL announced attendance of 32,376 for the game.  A month later The Orlando-Sentinel Star reported that figures from the National Commercial Bank of Birmingham, which handled the distribution of gate receipts, showed the actual attendance was 22,918 with 20,985 paid.  The Blazers, unpaid for around fourteen weeks, received $400 each.

Both teams folded in the weeks following World Bowl I.   Birmingham was granted a new franchise – the Birmingham Vulcans – for the second season of the WFL in 1975, with many of the Americans players returning to play for the new club.  The re-organized WFL was plagued by the same problems in year two and the league closed up shop on October 22, 1975 without managing to complete its sophomore season.

==Links==

“World Bowl In Crisis” – Sports Illustrated feature article. December 16, 1974.

Birmingham Americans Home Page

Florida Blazers Home Page

 

==Downloads==

 

 

 

Written by andycrossley

May 15th, 2013 at 12:50 pm

1974-1975 Shreveport Steamer

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Shreveport SteamerWorld Football League (1974-1975)

Born: September 18, 1974 – Houston Texans relocate to Shreveport, LA.
Died: October 22, 1975 – The WFL ceases operations in mid-season.

Stadium: State Fair Stadium (50,400)

Team Colors: Green & Gold

Owners:

 

 

 

==Shreveport Steamer Games on Fun While It Lasted==

Year Date Opponent Score Program Other
1974 10/10/1974 @ Southern California Sun L 25-23 Program
1974 10/31/1974 vs. Portland Storm L 14-0 Program
1974 11/6/1974 vs. Charlotte Hornets W 19-14 Program
1975 7/19/1975 vs. Birmingham Vulcans (Exh.) L 31-30 Program
1975 7/26/1975 vs. Memphis Southmen (Exh.) L 14-7 Program
1975 8/2/1975 @ San Antonio Wings L 19-3 Program
1975 8/9/1975 vs. Chicago Winds W 38-18 Program
1975 8/30/1975 @ Birmingham Vulcans L 21-8 Program
1975 9/6/1975 vs. Jacksonville Express L 22-15 Program
1975 9/14/1975 @ Memphis Southmen L 34-23 Program Roster
1975 9/20/1975 vs. Southern California Sun W 38-29 Program
1975 9/28/1975 vs. The Hawaiians W 32-25 Program Roster
1975 10/5/1975 vs. Charlotte Hornets L 39-14 Program Roster
1975 10/12/1975 @ Southern California Sun L 39-30 Program
1975 10/19/1975 vs. San Antonio Wings W 41-31 Program Roster

 

==Key Players==

  • Jim Nance

 

==In Memoriam==

Former Steamer lead investor John B. Atkins died of a self-inflicted gunshot wound at age 53 on April 6, 1978.

Steamer running back Jim Nance passed on June 17, 1992 at the age of 49.

Offensive lineman Glen Holloway, who played for the Steamer in 1975, died of liver cancer on December 20, 2011 at age 63.

 

==Downloads==

1975 WFL Standard Player Contract

 

==Links==

World Football League Media Guides

World Football League Game Programs

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Written by andycrossley

February 25th, 2013 at 3:27 am

August 8, 1974 – Jacksonville Sharks vs. The Hawaiians

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Jacksonville Sharks vs. The Hawaiians
August 8, 1974
The Gator Bowl
World Football League Programs

 

A momentous day in American history couldn’t keep 46,000 Florida football fans from turning out at the Jacksonville’s Gator Bowl on August 8, 1974 to see what the new World Football League was all about.  But it could delay kickoff for fifteen minutes.

WFL officials delayed the start of the game so that those in attendance could listen to President Richard Nixon’s address to the nation over the Gator Bowl loud speakers.  When Nixon announced his resignation the crowd broke out into applause, according to reporters present.  The next morning,  United Press International would put a photo out on the national wire of the Sharks cheerleaders – the Sharkettes – crying during the National Anthem.

A different historic figure imposed his will on the game during the second half.  The Jacksonville Sharks were hurting at quarterback, as they would be pretty much all season.  Starter Kay Stephenson was out injured and backup Reggie Oliver, a rookie out of Marshall, was ineffective during the first half.

Enter Eddie McAshan, making his pro debut.  McAshan isn’t a household name today, but Jesse Jackson reputedly called him “the Jackie Robinson of Southern college football”.  A native of Gainesville, Florida he attended a recently integrated high school there.  His high school football coach found crosses burning in his front yard after playing McAshan at quarterback.  In 1969, he became the first African-American scholarship athlete at Georgia Tech University and in 1970, he became the first black man to start at quarterback for a major Southern college football program.   Between 1970 and 1972, McAshan rewrote the Yellowjackets record book, but a late season dispute with the athletic department and Head Coach Bill Fulcher over complimentary tickets – McAshan wanted four extra tickets for family members and was rejected – led to his suspension from the team and NAACP picket lines at the 1972 Liberty Bowl.

McAshan was a 17th round draft pick of the New England Patriots in 1973 but never played a down in the NFL.  Replacing Oliver midway through the game with the Sharks trailing the Hawaiians 14-7, McAshan was wild through the air (5-13 for 88 yards), but dangerous with his feet (11 rushes for 52 yards).   He led the Sharks on two 80-yard drives during the fourth quarter, capping it all off with a one-yard touchdown run with 20 seconds remaining to lift the Sharks to a 21-14 come-from-behind win.

And that, more or less, marked both the beginning and the end of McAshan’s pro career.  One glorious game, leading the game winning drive in front of a huge crowd in his home state.  Sharks owner Fran Monaco gushed to the press afterwards, calling McAshan “another Johnny Unitas”.  But McAshan hurt his knee on the game-winning drive.  Kay Stephenson and Reggie Oliver would take the rest of the snaps under center for the Sharks that year…right up until early October, when Fran Monaco ran out of money and the Sharks went out of business without finishing the 1974 season.

The following year, the World Football League put a new team into the Gator Bowl, known as the Jacksonville Express.  The Express signed McAshan to back up former NFL quarterback George Mira, but the team released him in training camp.  As far as we can tell, McAshan never threw another pro pass after this one strange night at the Gator Bowl.   The Jackie Robinson of Southern college football became the Moonlight Graham of professional football.

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Eddie McAshan was one of six black quarterbacks to play in the World Football League, along with his Sharks teammate Reggie Oliver, Dave Mays (Houston Texans/Shreveport Steamer), D.C. Nobles (Shreveport ) Matthew Reed (Birmingham Vulcans), and Johnnie Walton (San Antonio Wings).

 

==Links==

Jacksonville Sharks Home Page

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Written by andycrossley

January 20th, 2013 at 10:31 pm